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What’s the difference between varifocal and fixed lens CCTV?

Fixed and varifocal IP camerasOne of the most frequent questions we get asked is the reason some cameras are priced differently to others. There’s often a variety of reasons, but one of the main culprits is the lens.

In short, fixed lens cameras give a specific field of view, while the viewing angle of a varifocal is set during installation. The moving parts and lens adjustment required for varifocals increases the price of a camera.

Though, of course, there’s a little more to it than that.

Fixed view cameras

These cameras come with a pre-configured lens which gives you a fixed field of view. With few moving parts, fixed view cameras provide a simple set up.

If you’re unsure on which lens a camera contains, this is found in the technical specification on our product pages.

Their relative simplicity, competitive price and choice of models, make fixed view cameras popular for homes and small businesses. For general surveillance, they’re usually very effective.

When to use a fixed view camera

1. When money is tight

Due to their lack of moving parts fixed view cameras are the most cost effective on the market. We currently offer a number of models for around £100 (exc. VAT).

2. When you are happy with an overview

If you’re looking for general surveillance, fixed view models are perfect. You choose camera which will give you the closest match to the scene you want to monitor, mount it and that’s it.

3. Quick and easy install

The lack of moving parts makes the installation easy. There’s no need to adjust the focal length or angle of view, just point the camera in the right direction and away you go.

This makes fixed view lens cameras great for smaller businesses.

Static camera suggestions

Hikvision DS-2CD2045FWD-I-2.8mm bullet camera


2.8mm, 109° field of view

Axis M3045-V

Axis M3045-V
2.8mm, 106° field of view

Samsung Wisenet QND-6010R

Samsung Wisenet QND-6010R
2.8mm, 110° field of view

Axis M3206-LVE

Axis M3206-LVE
2.9mm, 105° field of view

Sony SNC-CX600

Sony SNC-CX600
1.8mm, 120° field of view

Panasonic WV-SFV130

Panasonic WV-SFV130
2.8mm 108°field of view

Varifocal cameras

With an adjustable lens, varifocal cameras allow you to adjust until you have the perfect field of view. Unlike a pan tilt zoom models, this adaptability is used for installation only. Once your field of view is set, it stays the same, until it is adjusted.

Varifocals have a to and from range, most typically cover somewhere between 2.8 and 12mm. For long distance surveillance like licence plate recognition cameras a range of 5 to 60mm is common.

The key benefit to a varifocal camera is the flexibility this gives you during installation. They allow you to adjust the lens between the top and bottom limits of its view angle. This flexibility does come with an increase in cost.

Remote zoom and focus

To make installation a little easier, some manufacturers have created varifocal cameras with remote zoom and focus.

Remote zoom and focus enables you to make small adjustments to your field of view post installation. For example, if snow makes an area too bright which blurs your image, you can adjust this using P-iris.

Axis has the widest choice of cameras with this feature.

When to use a varifocal camera

1. If you don’t know the exact field of view required

It can be difficult to envision the exact field of view you require in a site. This is what makes a varifocal ideal – you can adjust the lens to get the desired view.

For example, if your camera is mounted at a distance from your subject, a fixed lens may include unnecessary detail. By adjusting the lens, varifocal cameras ensure your field of view only includes the subject you’re interested in.

2. Long term flexibility

If your use of a system changes over time, then a varifocal camera can adapt to your business needs. For example, if you start off needing an overview, then later wish to focus on a specific area, you can do so with an adjustment.

3. Sharper image quality

When you’re adjusting the varifocal field of view, you can manually set the viewing angle and depth of field. This enables you to monitor a specific of interest area within a scene.

If you’re trying to do the same with a static camera you need to use the digital zoom, however the image quality may be reduced. This is because digital zoom enlarges the original image, using less pixels to give you the view you require.

Train station image with a pixilated zoomed in section
Example of digital zoom which has caused pixilation
Train station image with a clear zoomed in section
Example of a varifocal lens producing a clear image

With a varifocal camera you adjust the lens to focus on area of interest. This, therefore, allows you to utilise the full resolution of the camera, producing a high-quality image.

Varifocal camera suggestions


2.8mm-12mm, 35° to 95° horizontal field of view

Axis M4206-LV

Axis M4206-LV
3mm-6mm, 45° to 100° horizontal field of view

Hikvision DS-2CD2745FWD-IZS


2.8mm-12mm, 114° to 32° horizontal field of view

Bosch DINION IP 4000i Bullet

Bosch DINION IP 4000i bullet
2.8mm-12mm, 33° to 100° horizontal field of view

Wisenet XNV-6080R

Wisenet XNV-6080R
2.8mm-12mm, 27° to 119° horizontal field of view

Axis P1435-LE

Axis P1435-LE
3mm-10mm, 35° to 95° horizontal field of view
10mm-22mm, 18° to 34.5° horizontal field of view


There you have it! You should now know that the lens is the difference between fixed and varifocal cameras. As well as knowing that fixed are useful for budget conscious installations which require an overview. For sites requiring precise monitoring, a varifocal would be a better choice.

This hopefully helps you to understand why some cameras cost more than others, though they may look the same.

Published on January 8th, 2020 by Network Webcams

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